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Mental Health Talk, Depression, Its Symptoms and Causes


Depression or Major Depressive Disorder is a mental disorder that causes a continuous feeling of sadness and lack of interest. it affects the way you experience, suppose and behave and may result in lots of emotional and bodily problems.


Depression is a common disease around the globe, with an anticipated 3.8% of the population affected, consisting of 5.0% adults and 5.7% among adults older than 60 years. Approximately 280 million people across world have depression. At its worst, depression can insult in suicide. Over 700,000 people die due to suicide each year. Suicide is the 4th leading cause of death in 15-29-year-olds.



Every person experience depression in distinct ways. It may also intrude together along with your everyday work, ensuing in misplaced time and decrease productivity. It also can have an impact on relationships and a few continual fitness conditions.

Not everybody with depression will have the same symptoms. Symptoms can differ in severity, how frequently they happen, and how long they last.

The signs and symptoms of depression vary amongst males, females, teens, and children.


Males may have Symptoms related to their:

  • mood, including anger, aggressiveness, restlessness etc.
  • emotional well-being, e.g. feeling empty, sad, or hopeless
  • behavior, such as lack of interest, no longer have interest in favorite activities, having suicidal thoughts, drinking excessively, usage of drugs, or engaging in high hazard activities
  • cognitive abilities, for instance lack of ability to concentrate, difficulty in completing tasks, or delayed responses during conversations
  • sleep patterns, such as insomnia, restlessness during sleep, excessive sleep.


Symptoms in Females

Females may have symptoms such as irritability, feeling unhappy or empty, anxious, or hopeless behavior, being isolated from social engagements, or thoughts of suicide, problem of cognitive abilities such as thinking and speaking slowly, disturb sleeping patterns, physical well-being, which includes reduced energy, more fatigue, changes in appetite, aches, pain, headaches.


Symptoms in Children and Teenagers

Common signs and symptoms in kids and teens are just like the ones of adults, however there may be a few differences.

In children, signs and symptoms of depression includes sadness, irritability, clinginess, worry, aches and pains, refusing to visit school, or being underweight. Whereas teenagers may experience, irritability, feeling terrible and worthless, anger, sadness, bad performance at school, feeling misunderstood and extraordinarily sensitive, the usage of recreational drugs or alcohol, ingesting or drowsing too much, self-harm, lack of interest in everyday activities, and avoidance of social interaction.



There are numerous reasons of depression. They can vary from biological to circumstantial. Common reasons include:

Family History

A person is at higher risk of having depression if he/she has a history of depression in family.

Early Childhood Trauma

Some events affect the way your body reacts to fear and stressful situations.

Brain Chemistry

Neurotransmitters are brain chemical that occur naturally, there may be a chemical imbalance in these parts of the brain that manage mood, thoughts, sleep, appetite, and behavior in people resulted in depression.

Substance Use

A record of substance or alcohol misuse can have an affect on your risk.


Changes within side the body’s stability of hormones may involve inflicting or triggering depression. Hormone changes in females occur can with pregnancy, during postpartum and from menopause or a number of other conditions result in depression.

Medical Conditions

Certain conditions put you at higher risk, such as chronic pain, insomnia, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, heart attack, and cancer.


Depression can be temporary or it prevails as a long-term challenge. Treatment doesn’t usually make it go away completely. However, treatment often makes signs and symptoms extra manageable. Managing signs of depression involves finding the right combination of medications and therapies. If one remedy doesn’t work, discuss with healthcare professional. They will assist you to create different treatment plan that may work better in helping you control your condition.



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