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Since EMAAN has multiple levels of care and base programs for drug rehab, alcoholism and chemical dependency treatment, we can evaluate each level of your progress during recovery and then help you select the right level of care to fit you, your needs, and who you are, so we make certain we offer what we feel is the best chance for you to succeed.
In addition to alcohol and drug rehab, chemical dependency, and addiction treatment, EMAAN can also assist you with co-occurring disorders when your diagnosis is primarily alcoholism, substance abuse, or another form of chemical dependency, which may be compounded by secondary symptoms, such as depression, bipolar, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, eating disorders, and/or other compulsive disorders.
Nearly 20 years of experience, our staff and independent affiliates... Like EMAAN, many other alcohol and drug rehab facilities can claim 'home like comforts', 'high quality amenities', 'privacy', and 'stunning views'. Some addiction treatment centers may try to sell you on their 'high success rates', their 'one-on-one treatment method', their 'secluded location', or even their 'square footage'. They might be able to say they are 'bigger than EMAAN', they 'cost less', or they are 'more secluded'. What no other alcohol or drug treatment center can do is claim to have EMAAN staff, or the independent affiliates working directly with us, who are all committed to helping you.
EMAAN is an industry leader in the field of substance abuse treatment, drug rehab and alcoholism treatment with nearly 20 years experience. We have 2 independent psychiatrists working directly with us 40 hours per week, rather than multiple psychiatrists 'doing the rounds' as psychiatrists at many addiction treatment centers do, so, upon entering a EMAAN Treatment Center for either drug addiction or alcoholism, you receive a full assessment, and, in most cases, you will work with the same psychiatrist for the length of your treatment.
Following your initial assessment at EMAAN Treatment Centers, you will be assigned a 'core treatment team' which we match to your needs and includes a primary therapist, family therapist and, if necessary, drug and alcohol detox specialist(s), all of whom are either EMAAN staff or well qualified, licensed independent affiliates.
At EMAAN we know individual counseling sessions are important, so we employ 4 full-time, Ph. D. level therapists. This level of staffing allows us to provide you with one-on-one counseling sessions, and also enables your primary therapist to continue to counsel and coach you through our extended care program if you choose to stay with us beyond residential treatment.
Also, at EMAAN we believe building, rebuilding, or strengthening family relationships can aid in your recovery, so a number of our therapists specialize in family counseling. These specialists will not only work with you, but can also schedule counseling sessions with your family or loved ones to ensure they understand what you are going through and know how they can help give you the chance you need. Our specialists can even help you attempt to rebuild relationships which may have been damaged by addiction, and, if necessary, your family therapist can also work with you and the rest of our staff to help your family coordinate visits, even if your family or loved ones need special arrangements, or live out of state.
The talented chefs we employ allow EMAAN to prepare your food as either 'home style' or 'gourmet' (depending on location) and meet your specific needs (at either location), so whether you need to eat Kosher, vegetarian, Vegan, or have another specialized diet, we can, and will, accommodate you, as long as your request is within reason. We will also allow you to have cigarettes, drinks with caffeine, and request specific items from the store, so you can think of your visit to EMAAN as a time for you to change your life, not leave it.
Transportation does not need to be an issue. If you need us to, EMAAN transportation staff combined with our admissions coordinators will work together and arrange to pick you up from the airport, or at your door if you live nearby. (In some special cases we can pick you up at your door, even if you do not live in the area.) We can also arrange to get you back home when your stay with us is complete, or make other special travel arrangements to fit your specific circumstances and needs, because at EMAAN we are committed to giving you the chance to succeed.
Only if you decide for it to... With access to a world wide network of support groups and a diverse field of alumni, we will help you find the support you need after you graduate, whether you live in Pakistan, or any other part of the world. EMAAN can, and will, help you coordinate your ongoing recovery by assisting you in finding groups, alumni sponsors, and/or other forms of support, which is included in planning before you leave, and again, tailored to fit your specific needs.
Think again... Contrary to some rumors, EMAAN is not a 'day spa', or 'country club', there is 'no fraternizing allowed', and 'no shopping at the mall', sorry, but even if you are rich or famous, you are not allowed to 'just run down to the beach'. EMAAN is a real life, highly personalized alcohol and drug addiction treatment center with nearly 20 years experience, a high commitment to excellence, and a strict adherence to our code of ethics, where our mission continues to be, 'To provide a gateway to sobriety and to aid in the achievement of lifetime dreams.'
Although EMAAN will do anything within our capacity we feel is necessary to accommodate addiction recovery, we will not compromise our integrity, because a compromise in what we believe is the right way to help does not do any good in the long-run, and above all else we are really here to try and help you or your loved one realize the life changes necessary for long term sobriety.
It depends on your needs and situation... EMAAN does not publish a 'one-size-fits-all' price, because EMAAN is not a 'one-size-fits-all' treatment center. The specific cost of attending a EMAAN Treatment Center depends on the level of care you need, the specific drug rehab programs selected, intended length of stay, and a number of other factors, so we cannot determine exactly what your cost will be until we know exactly what you need.
When compared with other treatment centers offering a 'cheap & easy fix', or a 'one-size-fits-all' treatment curriculum, EMAAN might cost a little more, but, since no treatment center can guarantee success, and there is no 'special pill', or 'magic formula' which helps everyone recover, we feel it is important for you to evaluate the personalized level of care offered, along with the experience of each program you consider, because, we believe if you do not decide on the treatment center you feel offers you the best chance to succeed, regardless of price, there is a greater chance you will need to seek treatment again.
- How many years have you been in business?
- How large is your alumni base?
- Why are your alumni important?
- How involved are your alumni in your treatment program, and what is their involvement?
- How do you determine your success rate, what is your success rate, and if you do not determine a success rate, why?
- What percentage of your staff are in recovery themselves, so they can easily recognize and deal with addict behavior?
- Why or why not?
- Do you think a substance abuse treatment center should be run like a 'day spa' or 'country club' where clients can 'receive a facial and have their nails done', or should they 'forego some amenities and hire more qualified treatment professionals to help people recover'?
- Do you think it is better for an alcohol rehab, drug rehab or substance abuse treatment center to 'be the most exclusive (or expensive)', 'be the least expensive', 'have the most secluded location', 'have the most amenities', or 'have the most experience'?
- Do you think it is better for clients to be 'completely pampered' by removing all ordinary tasks from their lives (such as doing their own laundry and loading a dishwasher) so when they return home they are used to being 'waited on' while they stay sober; or for people to work through their addiction and other issues in a more realistic setting, so when they return home they are confident they can maintain sobriety while functioning in a 'real life' environment?
A word to the wise... Many drug rehabs, alcohol rehabs, and addiction treatment centers will try to sell you on their 'beautiful locations', their 'amenities & complete pampering', their 'high success rate', their 'house hold name', their 'low cost', and a multitude of other things.
Some treatment centers might even claim they have 'the cure' or state 'they know how to find the cure you have inside', but when you ask any treatment center making these claims, or using these sales pitches if they have ever had a client 'relapse', the answer will be 'yes' (if they are honest), so the reality is, there is no known 'cure' for addiction, and 'price', 'name', a 'beautiful location', or 'great amenities' alone will not help you recover.
What this means is, rather than finding the alcohol or drug treatment center with 'the cure', 'the most comforts', 'the best price', 'the most well known name', or 'the best location', we believe, when searching for addiction treatment you really need to find the treatment center you feel offers you 'the best chance to succeed'.
To us, this is the treatment center with the best combination of staff, programs and experience, applying knowledge gained through years of helping people by implementing tried and true techniques, while staying 'on-the-cutting-edge' of alcohol and drug rehabilitation to provide the highest quality addiction treatment in an effort to give people a chance.
FAQ's About HEROIN
Heroin is an illegal, highly addictive, opiate drug. Its abuse is more widespread than any other opiate. Heroin is processed from morphine, a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seed pod of certain varieties of poppy plants. It is typically sold as a white or brownish powder, or as the black sticky substance known on the streets as "black tar heroin." Although purer heroin is becoming more common, most street heroin is "cut" with other drugs or with substances such as sugar, starch, powdered milk, or quinine. Street heroin can also be cut with strychnine or other poisons. Because heroin abusers do not know the actual strength of the drug or its true contents, they are at risk of overdose or death. Heroin also poses special problems because of the transmission of HIV and other diseases that can occur from sharing needles or other injection equipment.
"smack", "junk", "horse", "skag", "H", "China white
Opium, Morphine, Codeine, Merperidine , Hydrocodone (Lortab, Vicodin), Oxycodone (Percodan, Roxicet, Roxiprin, Tylox, Percocet), Stadol, Talwin, Dilaudid, Fentanyl, Buprenorphine, Methadone, Propoxyphene (Wygesic, Darvocet)
Heroin is usually injected, sniffed/snorted, or smoked. Typically, a heroin abuser may inject up to four times a day. Intravenous injection provides the greatest intensity and most rapid onset of euphoria (7 to 8 seconds), while musculature injection produces a relatively slow onset of euphoria (5 to 8 minutes). When heroin is sniffed or smoked, peak effects are usually felt within 10 to 15 minutes. Although smoking and sniffing heroin do not produce a "rush" as quickly or as intensely as intravenous injection, NIDA researchers have confirmed that all three forms of heroin administration are addictive. Injection continues to be the main method of use among heroin addicts; however, researchers have observed a shift in heroin use patterns, from injection to sniffing and smoking. In fact, sniffing/snorting heroin is now a widely reported means of taking heroin among users admitted for drug treatment. With the shift in heroin abuse patterns comes an even more diverse group of users. Older users (over 30) continue to be one of the largest user groups in most national data. However, several sources indicate an increase in new, young users across the country who are being lured by inexpensive, high-purity heroin that can be sniffed or smoked instead of injected. Heroin has also been appearing in more affluent communities.
Most heroin originates from opium poppy farms in SE Asia (the "Golden Triangle": Myanmar, Laos, and Thailand), SW Asia (primarily Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iran), Lebanon, Guatemala, and Mexico. The opium gum is converted to morphine in labs near the fields and then to heroin in labs within or near the producing country. After importation, drug dealers cut, or dilute, the heroin (1 part heroin to 9 to 99 parts dilutor) with sugars, starch, or powdered milk before selling it to addicts. Quinine is also added to imitate the bitter taste of heroin so the addict cannot tell how much heroin is actually present. It is sold in single-dose bags of 0.1 gram (0.03 oz.),One pound of diluted heroin yields approximately 4,500 doses.
Soon after injection (or inhalation), heroin crosses the blood-brain barrier. In the brain, heroin is converted to morphine and binds rapidly to opioid receptors. Abusers typically report feeling a surge of pleasurable sensation, a "rush." The intensity of the rush is a function of how much drug is taken and how rapidly the drug enters the brain and binds to the natural opioid receptors. Heroin is particularly addictive because it enters the brain so rapidly. With heroin, the rush is usually accompanied by a warm flushing of the skin, dry mouth, and a heavy feeling in the extremities, which may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and severe itching. After the initial effects, abusers usually will be drowsy for several hours. Mental function is clouded by heroin's effect on the central nervous system. Cardiac functions slow. Breathing is also severely slowed, sometimes to the point of death. Heroin overdose is a particular risk on the street, where the amount and purity of the drug cannot be accurately known.
One of the most detrimental long-term effects of heroin is heroin addiction itself. Addiction is a chronic problem characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, and by neurochemical and molecular changes in the brain. Heroin also produces a profound degree of tolerance and physical dependence, which are powerful motivating factors for compulsive use and abuse. As with abusers of any addictive drug, heroin addicts gradually spend more and more time and energy obtaining and using the drug. Once they are addicted, the heroin abusers' primary purpose in life becomes seeking and using drugs. The drugs literally change their brains.
Physical dependence develops with higher doses of the drug. With physical dependence, the body adapts to the presence of the drug and withdrawal symptoms occur if use is reduced abruptly. Withdrawal may occur within a few hours after the last time the drug is taken. Symptoms of withdrawal include restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, cold flashes with goose bumps ("cold turkey"), and leg movements. Major withdrawal symptoms peak between 24 and 48 hours after the last dose of heroin and subside after about a week. However, some people have shown persistent withdrawal signs for many months. Heroin withdrawal is never fatal to otherwise healthy adults, but it can cause death to the fetus of a pregnant addict.
At some point during continuous heroin use, a person can become addicted to the drug. Sometimes addicted individuals will endure many of the withdrawal symptoms to reduce their tolerance for the drug so that they can again experience the rush. Physical dependence and the emergence of withdrawal symptoms were once believed to be the key features of heroin addiction. We now know this may not be the case entirely, since craving and relapse can occur weeks and months after withdrawal symptoms are long gone. We also know that patients with chronic pain who need opiates to function (sometimes over extended periods) have few if any problems leaving opiates after their pain is resolved by other means. This may be because the patient in pain is simply seeking relief of pain and not the rush sought by the addict.
Medical consequences of chronic heroin abuse include scarred and/or collapsed veins, bacterial infections of the blood vessels and heart valves, abscesses (boils) and other soft-tissue infections, and liver or kidney disease. Lung complications (including various types of pneumonia and tuberculosis) may result from the poor health condition of the abuser as well as from heroin's depressing effects on respiration. Many of the additives in street heroin may include substances that do not readily dissolve and result in clogging the blood vessels that lead to the lungs, liver, kidneys, or brain. This can cause infection or even death of small patches of cells in vital organs. Immune reactions to these or other contaminants can cause arthritis or other rheumatologic problems. One of the greatest risks of being a heroin addict is death from heroin overdose. Each year about one percent of all heroin addicts die from an overdose of heroin despite having developed a fantastic tolerance to the effects of the drug. In a non-tolerant person the estimated lethal dose of heroin may range from 200 to 500 mg, but addicts have tolerated doses as high as 1800 mg without even being sick.
Because many heroin addicts often share needles and other injection equipment, they are at special risk of contracting HIV and other infectious diseases. Infection of injection drug users with HIV is spread primarily through reuse of contaminated syringes and needles or other paraphernalia by more than one person, as well as through unprotected sexual intercourse with HIV-infected individuals. For nearly one-third of people infected with HIV, injection drug use is a risk factor. In fact, drug abuse is the fastest growing vector for the spread of HIV in the Nation.
Research has found that drug abusers can change the behaviours that put them at risk for contracting HIV, through drug abuse treatment, prevention, and community-based outreach programs. They can eliminate drug use, drug-related risk behaviours such as needle sharing, unsafe sexual practices, and in turn the risk of exposure to HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases. Drug abuse prevention and treatment are highly effective in preventing the spread of HIV.
Heroin abuse can cause serious complications during pregnancy, including miscarriage and premature delivery. Children born to addicted mothers are at greater risk of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome), as well.
With regular heroin use, tolerance develops. This means the abuser must use more heroin to achieve the same intensity or effect. As higher doses are used over time, physical dependence and addiction develop. With physical dependence, the body has adapted to the presence of the drug and withdrawal symptoms may occur if use is reduced or stopped
Heroin addiction like all opiate addictions occurs when heroin is administered over a sustained period of time. The onset of heroin addiction can be both rapid and severe, dependent on the amount used and frequency in a designated period of time. Heroin addicts will "crave" more of the drug and experience withdrawal symptoms if they do not get their regular "fix" or dose. Not all of the mechanisms by which heroin and other opiates affect the brain are known. Likewise, the exact brain mechanisms that cause tolerance and addiction are not completely understood. Heroin stimulates a "pleasure system" in the brain. This system involves neurons in the mid-brain that use the neurotransmitter called "dopamine." These mid-brain dopamine neurons project to another structure called the nucleus acumens which then projects to the cerebral cortex. This system is responsible for the pleasurable effects of heroin and for the addictive power of the drug.
According to the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, which may actually underestimate illicit opiate (heroin) use, an estimated 2.4 million people use heroin at some time in their lives, and nearly 216,000 of them reported using it within the month preceding the survey. The survey report estimates that there were 141,000 new heroin users in 2000, and that there has been an increasing trend in new heroin use since 2005. A large proportion of these recent new users were smoking, snorting, or sniffing heroin, and most were under age 26. Estimates of use for other age groups also increased, particularly among youths age 12 to 17.
A) Heroin Withdrawal symptoms are some of the nastiest an addict can experience compared to withdrawal from any other drug. The individual who has become physically as well as psychologically dependent on heroin will experience heroin withdrawal with an abrupt discontinuation of use or even a decrease in their daily amount of heroin intake. The onset of heroin withdrawal symptoms begins six to eight hours after the last dose is administrated. Major heroin withdrawal symptoms peak between 48 and 72 hours after the last dose of heroin and subdue after about one week. The symptoms of heroin withdrawal produced are similar to a bad case of the flu. Symptoms of heroin withdrawal include but are not limited to:
- dilated pupils
- piloerection (goose bumps)
- watery eyes
- runny nose
- loss of appetite
- muscle cramps
- stomach cramps
- chills or profuse sweating
Heroin works on the central nervous system. The abusers heartbeat slows as well as their breathing. They may lose consciousness. Any of these effects can be fatal if the dose is too high. Depending on purity and tolerance, a lethal dose of heroin may range from 200 to 500mg, but hardened addicts have survived doses of 1800mg and over. However, with street heroin there is no absolutely certain "safe dosage". It depends on tolerance, amount, and purity of the drug. Overdose can occur when a dose taken is greater than that you're used to. A tolerable dose for an addict could be fatal to a first-time user. Tolerance to heroin is quickly acquired. Even occasional weekend users need to take more to get the same effect over time. Tolerance can also drop if it the drug is not used for a period of time. Some users have overdosed on their 'regular dose, after just a few week's break. Symptoms of a heroin overdose include but are not limited to: • muscle spasticity • slow and labored breathing • shallow breathing • stopped breathing (sometimes fatal within 2-4 hours) • pinpoint pupils • dry mouth • cold and clammy skin • tongue discoloration • bluish colored fingernails and lips • spasms of the stomach and/or intestinal tract • constipation • weak pulse • low blood pressure • drowsiness • disorientation • coma • delirium
Q16) How do you stop using heroin forever without becoming addicted to drug substitutes such as methadone?
The majority of treatment programs involves the 12 steps derived from the Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous programs as their foundation. In the past, the 12 step philosophy was combined with inpatient treatment in a hospital setting for a period of at least 28 days. Addicts would attend AA or NA meetings while receiving group therapy. Unfortunately, this model proved to be less than successful. The current trend is to admit someone with a heroin problem to a hospital just long enough to get them through the worst of the physical withdrawal and then to send them to outpatient counselling. This method of treating heroin addiction is the most widely used and also the least successful. EMAAN takes an alternate, and more successful approach. The addiction starts with a person who has dealt with a sense of hopelessness, which as it turns out caused the person to start using heroin in the first place. Our program utilizes unique therapeutic training drills and instructional courses which address the underlying causes of addiction in an intensive manner and from many different angles. The individual, in most cases, no longer feels the need to use heroin or any other drugs after the completing the program.
Heroin detoxification is paramount to a successful recovery. If residue from heroin continues to exist in the addict’s body, cravings for heroin will arise and withdrawal symptoms persist. The goal of heroin detoxification is to ultimately eliminate the drug, and all its metabolites from the body to increase the chance of a successful recovery. The human body will eventually expel the remaining heroin residue through urination and sweating. At EMAAN Treatment Centres we use scientifically proven methods to expedite the detoxification process, which in turn, makes for a faster and easier recovery.
Heroin Addiction Recovery is similar to the recovery of most addictive drugs, except that heroin addiction withdrawal can last several weeks to months. Attempting heroin addiction detoxification without professional assistance is not only dangerous, but sometimes deadly. Heroin addiction withdrawal can cause serious physical and emotional trauma including stroke, heart attack, and even death. Methadone is often used to ease heroin withdrawal, though this typically ends with the individual acquiring an addiction to another drug. Recovery from heroin addiction involves detoxification as the initial step. Secondly, the individual needs to be willing to participate in a rehabilitation program and continually exert themselves daily throughout their heroin addiction rehabilitation program. The highest documented success rates for heroin addiction recovery are through long term drug rehabilitation treatment lasting at least 3 to 6 months. This gives structure and support to provide long term recovery from heroin addiction.
Heroin use has long been associated with crime because its importation and distribution are illegal. Many addicted people turn to theft and prostitution to obtain money to buy the drug. In addition, violent competition between drug dealers has resulted in many murders and the deaths of innocent bystanders. Pakistani laws and law enforcement efforts focus on interrupting the flow of heroin into the country as well as the arrest of distributors and persons who commit crimes to support their habits.
Heroin, (an opium derivative) is unfortunately a very popular choice of drug among drug addicts today. The drug didn’t just "show up" in the late 1960’s. Beginning in the late 1800’s opium was rather popular and now in 2000's eventually people becoming physically addicted to the drug.
From the late 1800’s to the early 1900’s the reputable drug companies of the day began manufacturing over the counter drug kits. These kits contained a glass barreled hypodermic needle and vials of opiates (morphine or heroin) and/or cocaine packaged neatly in attractive, engraved, tin cases. Laudanum (opium in an alcohol base) was also a very popular elixir that was used to treat a variety of ills. Laudanum was administered to kids and adults alike - as freely as aspirin is used today.
Heroin, morphine, and other opiate derivatives were unregulated and sold legally in many countries until 1920 when Governments recognized the danger of these drugs and enacted the Dangerous Drug Act. This new law made over-the-counter purchase of these drugs illegal and deemed that their distribution be federally regulated. By the time this law was passed, however, it was already too late. A market for heroin and Mafia had been created all over the world. It was a market which would persist until this day.
FAQ's About MARIJUANA
Marijuana is a green or gray mixture of dried, shredded flowers and leaves of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa). It is the most often used illegal drug in this country. All forms of cannabis are mind-altering (psychoactive) drugs that contain THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), the main active chemical in marijuana. There are about 400 chemicals in a cannabis plant, but THC is the one that affects the brain the most.
There are many different names for marijuana. Slang terms for drugs change quickly, and they vary from one part of the country to another. They may even differ across sections of a large city. Terms from years ago, such as pot, herb, grass, weed, Mary Jane, and reefer, are still used. You might also hear the names skunk, boom, gangster, kif, or ganja. There are also street names for different strains or "brands" of marijuana, such as "Texas tea," "Maui wowie," and "Chronic." A recent book of American slang lists more than 200 terms for various kinds of marijuana.
Most users roll loose marijuana into a cigarette (called a "joint"). The drug can also be smoked in a water pipe, called a "bong." Some users mix marijuana into foods or use it to brew a tea. Marijuana cigarettes or blunts often include crack cocaine, a combination known by various street names such as "primos" or "woolies." Joints and blunts often are dipped in PCP and are called "happy sticks," "wicky sticks," "love boat," or "tical." Hash users either smoke the drug in a pipe or mix it with tobacco and smoke it as a cigarette. Lately, young people have a new method for smoking marijuana: they slice open cigars and replace the tobacco with marijuana, making what's called a "blunt." When the blunt is smoked with a 40 oz. bottle of malt liquor, it is called a "B-40."
The most commonly reported effects of smoked marijuana are a sense of well-being or euphoria and increased talkativeness and laughter, alternating with periods of introspective dreaminess, followed by lethargy and sleepiness. A characteristic feature of a marijuana "high" is a distortion in the sense of time associated with deficits in short-term memory and learning. A marijuana smoker typically has a sense of enhanced physical and emotional sensitivity, including a feeling of greater interpersonal closeness. The most obvious behavioural abnormality displayed by someone under the influence of marijuana is difficulty in carrying on an intelligible conversation, perhaps because of an inability to remember what was just said even a few words earlier.
THC is the chemical in marijuana which makes you feel "high" (which means experiencing a change in mood and seeing or feeling things differently). Certain parts of the plant contain higher levels of THC. The flowers or "buds" have more THC than the stems or leaves.
When marijuana is smoked, THC goes quickly into the blood through the lungs and then to the brain (this is when the "high" is felt and can happen within a few minutes and can last up to five hours). THC is absorbed more slowly into the blood when marijuana is eaten because it has to pass through the stomach and intestine and can take up to one hour to experience the "high" effects, which can last up to 12 hours. THC is absorbed quickly into body fat and is then released very slowly back into the blood. This process can take up to one month for a single dose of THC to fully leave the body.
Marijuana's effect on the user depends on the strength or potency of the THC it contains. THC potency has increased since the 1970s but has been about the same since the mid-1980s. The strength of the drug is measured by the average amount of THC in test samples confiscated by law enforcement agencies. • Most ordinary marijuana has an average of 3 percent THC. • Sinsemilla (made from just the buds and flowering tops of female plants) has an average of 7.5 percent THC, with a range as high as 24 percent. • Hashish (the sticky resin from the female plant flowers) has an average of 3.6 percent, with a range as high as 28 percent. • Hash oil, a tar-like liquid distilled from hashish, has an average of 16 percent, with a range as high as 43 percent.
The sings that an individual is using marijuana includes but is not limited to: • seem dizzy and have trouble walking • seem silly and giggly for no reason • have very red, bloodshot eyes • have a hard time remembering things that just happened • signs of drugs and drug paraphernalia, including pipes and rolling papers • odor on clothes and in the bedroom • use of incense and other deodorizers • use of eye drops • clothing, posters, jewelry, etc., promoting drug use
Some frequent, long-term marijuana users show a lack of motivation (amotivational syndrome). Their problems include not caring about what happens in their lives, no desire to work regularly, fatigue, and a lack of concern about how they look. As a result of these symptoms, some users tend to perform poorly in school or at work. Scientists are still studying these problems.
Long-term studies of high school students and their patterns of drug use show that very few young people use other drugs without first trying marijuana. The risk of using cocaine has been estimated to be more than 104 times greater for those who have tried marijuana than for those who have never tried it. Although there are no definitive studies on the factors associated with the movement from marijuana use to use of other drugs, growing evidence shows that a combination of biological, social, and psychological factors are involved.
Marijuana affects the brain in some of the same ways that other drugs do. Researchers are examining the possibility that long-term marijuana use may create changes in the brain that make a person more at risk of becoming addicted to other drugs, such as alcohol or cocaine. While not all young people who use marijuana go on to use other drugs, further research is needed to determine who will be at greatest risk.
"Tolerance" means that the user needs increasingly larger doses of marijuana to get the same desired results that he or she previously got from smaller amounts. Some frequent, heavy users of marijuana may develop tolerance for it.
Marijuana addiction is a phenomenon experienced by more than 150,000 individuals each year who enter treatment for their proclaimed addiction to marijuana. Marijuana addiction is characterized as compulsive, often uncontrollable marijuana craving, seeking, and use, even when the individual knows that marijuana use is not in his best interest. Marijuana addiction could be defined as chronically making the firm decision not to use marijuana followed shortly by a relapse due to experiencing overwhelming compulsive urges to use marijuana despite the firm decision not to. This contradiction is characteristic of an addiction problem.
Symptoms of Marijuana Addiction:
Marijuana tolerance: Either need for markedly increased amounts of marijuana to achieve intoxication, or markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount of marijuana.
Greater use of marijuana than intended: Marijuana taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than was intended Unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control marijuana use A great deal of time spent in using marijuana Marijuana use causing a reduction in social, occupational or recreational activities.
Continued marijuana use despite knowing it will cause significant problems.
Marijuana is both emotionally and mentally addictive. Once an individual becomes addicted to marijuana it develops into part of who they believe themselves to be. Avoiding their friends who do not use, the addict will gravitate to others that do. Marijuana is a topic that is always on their mind, whether it be thinking about the next time they will be able to get high or where their going to get their next sack. When someone is addicted to marijuana, eventually their friends and the people close to them only know how they act when their stoned because they no longer do anything without smoking first. Their constant abuse is due to the misconception that marijuana is what they need to solve their problems. Sometimes addicts will take their stash with them wherever they go, just in case an opportunity arises and they are able to take a couple hits. They may even go through several dealers in order to make sure they always have a constant supply of marijuana.
If you feel that your marijuana use is out of your control and interfering with your personal goals and happiness and you would like to stop but can't, seek help from a addiction treatment professional.
Symptoms of marijuana withdrawal first appear in chronic users within 24 hours. They are most pronounced for the first 10 days and can last up to 28 days. Marijuana addiction withdrawal symptoms include but are not limited to: • irritability • anxiety • physical tension • decreases in appetite and mood
Marijuana affects many skills required for safe driving: alertness, the ability to concentrate, coordination, and reaction time. These effects can last up to 24 hours after smoking marijuana. Marijuana use can make it difficult to judge distances and react to signals and sounds on the road.
There is data showing that marijuana can play a role in crashes. When users combine marijuana with alcohol, as they often do, the hazards of driving can be more severe than with either drug alone.
A study of patients in a shock-trauma unit who had been in traffic accidents revealed that 15 percent of those who had been driving a car or motorcycle had been smoking marijuana, and another 17 percent had both THC and alcohol in their blood.
In one study conducted in Memphis, TN, researchers found that, of 150 reckless drivers who were tested for drugs at the arrest scene, 33 percent tested positive for marijuana, and 12 percent tested positive for both marijuana and cocaine. Data also show that while smoking marijuana, people show the same lack of coordination on standard "drunk driver" tests as do people who have had too much to drink.
Sleepiness Difficulty keeping track of time, impaired or reduced short-term memory Reduced ability to perform tasks requiring concentration and coordination, such as driving a car Increased heart rate Potential cardiac dangers for those with pre-existing heart disease Bloodshot eyes Dry mouth and throat Decreased social inhibitions Paranoia, hallucinations Impaired or reduced short-term memory Impaired or reduced comprehension Altered motivation and cognition, making the acquisition of new information difficult Psychological dependence Impairments in learning and memory, perception, and judgement difficulty speaking, listening effectively, thinking, retaining knowledge, problem solving, and forming concepts Intense anxiety or panic attacks
Enhanced cancer risk Decrease in testosterone levels and lower sperm counts for men Increase in testosterone levels for women and increased risk of infertility Diminished or extinguished sexual pleasure Psychological dependence requiring more of the drug to get the same effect
Marijuana is the most common drug used by adolescents in America today. Marijuana affect the parts of the brain which controls the sex and growth hormones. In males, marijuana can decrease the testosterone level. Occasional cases of enlarged breasts in male marijuana users are triggered by the chemical impact on the hormone system. Regular marijuana use can also lead to a decrease in sperm count, as well as increases in abnormal and immature sperm. Marijuana is a contributing factor in the rising problem of infertility in males. Young males should know the effects and potential effects of marijuana use on sex and growing process before they decide to smoke marijuana.
Just as in Males, marijuana effects the female in the part of the brain that controls the hormones, which determines the sequence in the menstrual cycle. Its been said that females who smoked or used marijuana on a regular basis had irregular menstrual cycles Also, he female hormones were depressed, and the testosterone level was raised. Even though this effect may be reversible, it may take several months of no marijuana use before the menstrual cycles become normal again.
Mothers who smoke marijuana on a regular basis have been reported of having babies with a weak central nervous system. These babies show abnormal reactions to light and sound, exhibit tremors and startles, and have the high-pitched cry associated with drug withdrawal. Occurring at five times the rate of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Fetal Marijuana Syndrome is a growing concern of many doctors. Furthermore, doctors worry that children born to "pot-head" mothers will have learning disabilities, attention deficits, and hormonal irregularities as they grow older, even if there are no apparent signs of damage at birth. Pregnant or nursing mothers who smoke marijuana should talk to their doctors immediately.
Researchers have found that THC changes the way in which sensory information gets into and is acted on by the hippocampus. This is a component of the brain's limbic system that is crucial for learning, memory, and the integration of sensory experiences with emotions and motivations. Investigations have shown that neurons in the information processing system of the hippocampus and the activity of the nerve fibres are suppressed by THC. In addition, researchers have discovered that learned behaviours, which depend on the hippocampus, also deteriorate. Recent research findings also indicate that long-term use of marijuana produces changes in the brain similar to those seen after long-term use of other major drugs of abuse.
Someone who smokes marijuana regularly may have many of the same respiratory problems that tobacco smokers have. These individuals may have daily cough and phlegm, symptoms of chronic bronchitis, and more frequent chest colds. Continuing to smoke marijuana can lead to abnormal functioning of lung tissue injured or destroyed by marijuana smoke. Regardless of the THC content, the amount of tar inhaled by marijuana smokers and the level of carbon monoxide absorbed are three to five times greater than among tobacco smokers. This may be due to the marijuana users inhaling more deeply and holding the smoke in the lungs.
Recent findings indicate that smoking marijuana while shooting up cocaine has the potential to cause severe increases in heart rate and blood pressure. In one study, experienced marijuana and cocaine users were given marijuana alone, cocaine alone, and then a combination of both. Each drug alone produced cardiovascular effects. When they were combined, the effects were greater and lasted longer. The heart rate of the subjects in the study increased 29 beats per minute with marijuana alone and 32 beats per minute with cocaine alone. When the drugs were given together, the heart rate increased by 49 beats per minute, and the increased rate persisted for a longer time. The drugs were given with the subjects sitting quietly. In normal circumstances, an individual may smoke marijuana and inject cocaine and then do something physically stressful that may significantly increase risks of overload on the cardiovascular system.
A study of college students has shown that critical skills related to attention, memory, and learning are impaired among people who use marijuana heavily, even after discontinuing its use for at least 24 hours. Researchers compared 65 "heavy users," who had smoked marijuana a median of 29 of the past 30 days, and 64 "light users," who had smoked a median of 1 of the past 30 days. After a closely monitored 19- to 24-hour period of abstinence from marijuana and other illicit drugs and alcohol, the undergraduates were given several standard tests measuring aspects of attention, memory, and learning. Compared to the light users, heavy marijuana users made more errors and had more difficulty sustaining attention, shifting attention to meet the demands of changes in the environment, and in registering, processing, and using information. The findings suggest that the greater impairment among heavy users is likely due to an alteration of brain activity produced by marijuana.
Longitudinal research on marijuana use among young people below college age indicates those who used have lower achievement than the non-users, more acceptance of deviant behaviour, more delinquent behaviour and aggression, greater rebelliousness, poorer relationships with parents, and more associations with delinquent and drug-using friends.
Any drug of abuse can affect a mother's health during pregnancy, and this is a time when she should take special care of herself. Drugs of abuse may interfere with proper nutrition and rest, which can affect good functioning of the immune system. Some studies have found that babies born to mothers who used marijuana during pregnancy were smaller than those born to mothers who did not use the drug. In general, smaller babies are more likely to develop health problems.
A nursing mother who uses marijuana passes some of the THC to the baby in her breast milk. Research indicates that the use of marijuana by a mother during the first month of breast-feeding can impair the infant's motor development (control of muscle movement). Research also shows more anger and more regressive behaviour (thumb sucking, temper tantrums) in toddlers whose parents use marijuana than among the toddlers of non-using parents.
The marijuana, cannabis, or hemp plant is one of the oldest psychoactive plants known to humanity. Cannabis has become one of the most widespread and diversified plants. It grows as weed and cultivated plant all over the world in a variety of climates and soils. Cannabis preparations have been used as remedies for thousands of years, and the active ingredients of the hemp plant can be put to use in a multitude of medical conditions.
A native of central Asia, cannabis may have been cultivated as long as ten thousand years ago. It was certainly cultivated in China by 4000 B.C. and in Turkestan by 3000 B.C. It has long been used as a medicine in India, China, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, South Africa, and South America.